On the wings of hypothesis : collected writings on soviet cinema

This posthumous volume gathers Annette Michelson's erudite and incisive readings of the revolutionary films of Sergei Eisenstein and Dziga Vertov, giving readers the opportunity to track her sustained investigations into…

GAVALDON, Sabel Gavaldon; SEGADE, Manuel (eds.)
Elements of Vogue

Bodies are agents and products of history. Bodies are history made flesh, but they are also primary tools for understanding the past, present and future. History is a choreographed sequence of gestures that makes bodies…

Marja Bloem, Krist Gruijthuijsen, Lauren van Haaften-Schick, Sara Martinetti, Jo Melvin (eds)
Seth Siegelaub: Better Read Than Dead. Writings and Interviews 1964–2013

“Better Read Than Dead” was the title that the great American art dealer, curator, author and researcher Seth Siegelaub (1941-2013) had chosen for an anthology of his own writings—one of the projects for which he never…

LE GUIN, Ursula K.
The carrier bag theory of fiction

Hacking the linear, progressive mode of the techno-Heroic, the carrier bag theory of human evolution proposes: ‘before the tool that forces energy outward, we made the tool that brings energy home.’ Prior to the preeminence…

LACAVA, Stephanie
The Superrationals

“I write at the same time every day. Sit down at my desk, survey the piles, and write.”

An erotic and darkly comic novel about female friendship, set at the intersection between counterculture and the multimillion…

GRAW, Isabelle
In Another World – Notes, 2014–2017

Isabelle Graw manages to capture radical political, social, and cultural changes that have occurred since 2014 in elegantly written observations, analyzing as well how these macro-shifts reach into her own life. She addresses…

ADAMS, Carol J.
The Sexual Politics of Meat. A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory

First published in 1990, The Sexual Politics of Meat is a landmark text in the ongoing debates about animal rights. In the two decades since, the book has inspired controversy and heated debate.
T he Sexual Politics…

ABBOTT, Steve; TOWNSEND, Jamie (ed.)
Beautiful Aliens. A Steve Abbott Reader

Beautiful Aliens: A Steve Abbott Reader is a landmark collection representing the visionary life’s work of beloved Bay Area luminary Steve Abbott. It brings together a broad cross-section of literary and artistic…

RADI, Fabienne
Le déclin du professeur de tennis

Une grande femme laide tombe sous le charme d’un bûcheron à longue chevelure rousse. Un gendarme esthète se prend de passion pour la photographie d’accidents. Deux sœurs luttent contre leur prédisposition aux varices.…

Dans la matrice : le design radical de Ken Isaacs

Dans la matrice : le design radical de Ken Isaacs explore le travail du designer américain Ken Isaacs (1927-2016), plus particulièrement ses projets de micro-habitations des années 1950 à 1970. L’essentiel de…

WEINBERGER, Karlheinz; ESTES, Ben (ed.)
Photographs: Together & Alone

For most of his adult life, Karlheinz Weinberger (1921–2006) worked in the warehouse department of the Siemens factory in Zurich, Switzerland. On the weekends, he escaped his job’s monotony by immersing himself in photography.…

Inferno, Volume 1

“Trash has always served me well—over the years it has become the outer form and material expression of my dreams: of tomorrow, of life in space, of the blissful alienation from this world that I have always craved.”—from…

Word Book

OH DEAR, IT'S HERE AND NOW! Badlands Unlimited very last book project ...
In 1925, Ludwig Wittgenstein, arguably one of the most influential philosophers of the 20th century, wrote a dictionary for elementary school…

WEISSER, Annette

”Noora didn’t know a lot about contemporary art either. The most contemporary art she had seen up to that point had been a Joseph Beuys retrospective at Neue Staatsgalerie Stuttgart. But she was tall, sported a rough,…

HILL, Pati
Slave Days

Two lovers sitting on a tomb
peeled an orange and ate the rind

Three lovers in a cosy room
slept with arms and legs entwined

Four lovers on a dusty road
looked for God and found a toad


VICUÑA, Cecilia; LOPEZ, Miguel (ed.)
Seehearing The Enlightened Failure

This book appears in conjunction with Cecilia Vicuña’s retrospective exhibition in Rotterdam. The comprehensive show highlights the wide-ranging oeuvre of this self-taught Chilean artist, poet, and filmmaker whose work…

KOIVU, Anniina (ed)
Vico Magistretti : Stories Of Objects

Milanese architect Vico Magistretti started his work as an industrial designer in the 1960s, going on to create more than 300 products and furniture objects. Yet only 70 of these design classics are still in production…

BLOOD: The Poems and Archive of R. Broby-Johansen

Six years in the making, BLOOD is the first comprehensive English translation of the poems of Danish art historian, communist activist, and writer R. Broby-Johansen. Translated, edited, and designed by Line-Gry…

BENTOUNSI, Amal; BERNANOS, Antonin; COUPAT, Julien; DUFRESNE, David; HAZAN, Eric; LORDON, Frédéric

On pense qu’elle a toujours existé et qu’elle existera toujours, mais non : la police telle que nous la connaissons est récente et les événements actuels mettent mondialement son existence même « en question ». On trouvera…

Autobiographie du rouge

“Un exemple plus facile à analyser nous est offert par Géryon. Géryon est le nom d’un personnage dans la mythologie grecque au sujet duquel Stésichore a écrit un très long poème lyrique en vers dactylo-épitrites, de structure…

Empty Aphrodite: An Encyclopaedia of Fate

A book dedicated to motorcycles, mini-skirts, handguns, and dark,romantic poetry. Following their renowned Autonomic Tarot, David Keenan & Sophy Hollington propose here a radical imagining of the Gods of antiquity…

Encuentro Chiapas 1996

“Note aux participants à la rencontre intergalactique – Vous avez manifesté le souhait de participer à la Rencontre Internationale pour l’Humanité et Contre le Néolibéralisme qui se tiendra au Chiapas du 27 juillet au…

MOTARD, Alice (ed.)
Beau Geste Press

“A community of duplicators, printers, and artisans. Our press is not a business, it’s a way of life.” That’s how Beau Geste Press – the amazing small press founded in 1971 by the Mexican artists’ couple Martha Hellion…

The Museum of Mistakes

A guided tour, in English, of Pierre Leguillon’s campy Musée des Erreurs – from WC to WC*, from the Visible Storage to the New Wing, to the Auditoriums, and back again. A museum on a human scale—no need to wipe…

Campo di Marte

Campo di Marte was “constructed” in March 2020, at a time when Nathalie Du Pasquier was not painting. After cutting out photos of paintings produced between the 1980s and 2020, the French artist then placed them…

Desert Plants

Desert Plants was a cult book in the seventies because it brought the first information about the US-American composer-performer scene to Europe. Numerous examples of sheet music and entire scores enrich this…

FIRESTONE, Shulamith
Pour l’abolition de l’enfance

L’enfance est une invention récente: les caractéristiques qu’on lui attribue (innocence, vulnérabilité, dépendance, etc.) sont le produit d’une construction sociale. Les attentions spéciales, la “protection”, le “respect”…

DELISS, Clémentine
The Metabolic Museum

Part-memoir, part-essay, The Metabolic Museum is a stimulating book, in which curator Clémentine Deliss reflects on her own work as the Director of Frankfurt’s Weltkulturen Museum (Museum of World Cultures). She…

LASSNIG, Maria; OBRIST, Hans Ulrich
Maria Lassnig. Briefe an / Letter to Hans Ulrich Obrist

The microworld of the millions of neurons in the brain can, of course, be photographed but not their functions. Painting, however, can.”
—Maria Lassnig

Lassnig and HUO had an amicable exchange lasting twenty…

HUGHES, Matthew ; HELLE Una Hamilton
Waking the Witch

Released on the last day of the Waking the Witch exhibition tour, the catalogue acts both as a legacy of the exhibition and as a stand alone publication. As well as contextual contributions from the curators, the catalogue…

MACLEOD, Clem (ed.)
Worms (Two)

Worms is a bi-annual literary magazine focusing on female writers and celebrating a feminist, empowering approach to books, founded by Clem Macleod; its second issue, subtitled “Revolting Women” is dedicated to…

DIMITROVA, Maria (ed.)
Mal, a journal of sexuality and erotics. N°5 — Sex Negative — August, 2020

On anti-erotics and sexual pessimism in four essays—an analysis of the incel phenomenon, a reflection on Geroges Bataille’s erotics and ethically produced pornography, a lyrical essay on Black Venus, and a diagnosis of…

OLSSON, Göran (ed)
The Black Power Mixtape 1967-1975

A provocative mixtape, mash-up, and treasure trove of never-before-seen images and interviews of the Black Power movement, with contemporary reflections.
The Black Power Mixtape 1967–-1975 is an extraordinary…

HESTER, Diarmuid
WRONG: A Critical Biography of Dennis Cooper

Dennis Cooper has been a punk poet, a queercore novelist, a transgressive blogger, an indie filmmaker – each successive incarnation more ingenious and surprising than the last. Using extensive archival…

CREASY, Jonathan C. (ed.)
Black Mountain Poems

An essential selection of the poetry of one of the most important twentieth-century creative movements.
Black Mountain College had an explosive influence on American poetry, music, art, craft, dance, and thought;…

In the Shadow of Forward Motion

David Wojnarowicz’s In the Shadow of Forward Motion was originally published in 1989 as a limited-run zine/catalog to accompany an exhibition by the artist at P.P.O.W gallery.

Despite its meager print run of just…

An Apartment on Uranus

Uranus is the coldest planet in the solar system, a frozen giant named after a Greek deity. It is also the inspiration for Uranism, a concept coined by the writer Karl Heinrich Ulrichs in 1864 to define the ‘third sex’…

Treatise on the Veil

Nick Mauss' artist's book takes the form of a postcard accordion with a wrap-around cover sleeve, reproducing artworks presented as part of his contribution to the HERE AND NOW exhibition series at Museum Ludwig, “Transcorporealities”,…


Work proposes a retrospective look at Hanne Lippard’s singular practice exploring language as a raw materia; it compiles twelve pieces written and recorded between 2009 and 2019, and embraces the physical specificities…

FULLER, R. Buckminster; et al.
Synergetic Stew. Explorations in Dymaxion Dining

A facsimile edition of Buckminster Fuller’s 86th birthday surprise gift: an experimental cookbook, with TRUE recipes for Cheese Tetrahedron, Positively Pumpkin Bisque, Pacific Palisades Shrimp Salad, Allspace-Filling Whole…

WARSH, Marie (ed.)
Excerpts from the 1971 Journal of Rosemary Mayer

Rosemary Mayer (1943–2014) began her career in the late 1960s, experimenting with conceptual art while a student at the School of Visual Arts and as a contributor to the journal 0 TO 9. In 1971, she…

IVES, Lucy
The Saddest Thing Is That I Have Had to Use Words: A Madeline Gins Reader

A revelatory anthology of poems, experimental prose and previously unpublished work by Madeline Gins, the transdisciplinary writer-artist-thinker famed for her “Reversible Destiny” architecture

Poet, philosopher,…

FINI, Leonor

Originally published in French in 1979, Rogomelec was the third of Leonor Fini’s novels. All the qualities of the paintings for which she is famed can be found in it: an undermining of patriarchy,…

RAINER, Yvonne: CHURNER, Rachel (ed.)
Revisions: Essays by Apollo Musagète, Yvonne Rainer, and Others

Yvonne Rainer has long investigated the ways in which movement can be a political act in and of itself—be it on the stage, on the screen, or at the lectern. In Revisions, Rainer pushes her interest in embodied…

P-ORRIDGE, Genesis Breyer; ABRAHAMSSON, Carl
Sacred Intent

“It’s all about giving and making available anything you feel you’ve learned or been confused by or spiritually re-energized by, revolted by, whatever it is. If it’s affected you in some way maybe it can do the same, or…

EMSHWILLER, Ed; PIRES, Jesse (ed.)
Dream Dance: The Art of Ed Emshwiller

From sci-fi to the avant-garde, from the covers of Ace Books to the Computer Animation Lab at CalArts—Ed Emshwiller is a significant, yet under-recognized artist of the latter half of the 20th century. With an immensely…

RODZIELSKI, Clément; BLANC, Jean-Luc
Passage du Pinceau

Exclusivité de fin d’été, Passage du Pinceau est le fruit d’une précieuse collaboration entre les artistes Clément Rodzielski et Jean-Luc Blanc, qui jadis exposèrent ensemble à la galerie Goton, dans le glorieux…

MALM, Andreas
Comment saboter un pipeline

« Nous dressons nos campements de solutions durables. Nous manifestons, nous bloquons, nous adressons des listes de revendications à des ministres, nous nous enchaînons aux grilles, nous nous collons au bitume, nous manifestons…

LEWIS, Sophie
Full Surrogacy Now. Feminism Against Family

The surrogacy industry is estimated to be worth over $1 billion a year, and many of its surrogates around the world work in terrible conditions—deception, wage-stealing and money skimming are rife; adequate medical care…

Faux Pas. Selected Writings and Drawings

Ready for pre-orders ! Shipping late September / early October ♥︎
A key figure in the New York art scene, Amy Sillman is renowned for her singular approach to painting and drawing. Her writings extend a practice that…

DUDU, Vava
Vava Dudu (Blue)

The first anthology of poetry by fashion designer, musician, painter, and Paris icon Vava Dudu.


YORK, Charlotte
The Knife

A book somewhere between Daniel Spoerri’s Anecdoted Topography of Chance and a stream of consciousness/confession version of a “What’s in my bag” skit. The Knife is the name Charlotte York gave to their…

Not to be sold for more than 100$

Not to be sold for more than $100 explores the little-known but fascinating body of conceptualist pioneer Sol LeWitt’s folded, torn, and cut paper works, which he created from approximately 1971 to 1980. LeWitt…

GUSTON, Philip
Poor Richard

Inspired by the life & career of Richard Nixon, this book reproduces 73 satirical drawings created by Philip Guston in the summer of 1971, two years before Watergate. Guston was then holed up in Woodstock, New York, still…

MAYER, Bernadette

In July 1971, Bernadette Mayer embarked on an experiment: For one month she exposed a roll of 35mm film and kept a daily journal. The result was a conceptual work that investigates the nature of memory, its surfaces, textures…

SIMON, Alexandre
Entre un néant et un autre. Ratcharge

Ratcharge (2004-2014) était un fanzine qui disséquait le quotidien avec le même acharnement que la musique. Au fil de ses trente-quatre numéros, il a montré ce que pouvait être la littérature punk : pas de nostalgie, une…

O’BRIEN, Glenn
Intelligence for Dummies: Essays and Other Collected Writings

A pretty, pretty rich collection of writings “about” art, politics, fashion, music, advertising, life, by Glenn O’Brien, some dating back to the 1980s, some previously unpublished—gathered by ZE Books (and before that,…

Vivre avec le trouble

Vivre avec le trouble, c’est entrer dans un monde étrange — le nôtre — où le temps, sorti de ses gonds, se retrouve ballotté dans un tourbillon de rencontres multispécifiques, d’appropriations violentes, de créations collectives…

Par-delà les frontières du corps

Comment reprendre corps ? Comment nous rapporter au corps, cet objet éminemment historique, domestiqué, violenté, pathologisé ? Silvia Federici répond : écoutons le langage du corps, sa fragilité et ses imperfections,…

Autonomic Tarot
Autonomic Tarot is the product of a collaboration between writer, David Keenan and artist, Sophy Hollington. The pair have combined forces to create a 30 card linocut tarot deck, and instruction…
BUCCIERO, Joe; KUMPF, Lawrence (eds.)
Blank Forms #5: Aspirations of Madness

“Aspirations of Madness”: this issue of Blank Forms takes its title from a series of interviews with Japanese free jazz pioneer Masayuki Takayangi that were published in Japanese in 1975–76 and are published here…

Second Thoughts

“I half hold that my life is a fine ride as long as I don’t attempt to navigate. The least critical way to describe this outlook is “bemused fatalism,” and as coping mechanisms go, there’s much to be said for keeping that…

Mercado livre

Wisrah Villefort’s overarching research focuses on the nonhuman, digital matter, synthetic polymers, prosthetics and their markets.

The ongoing hypermedia…

REINES, Ariana
A Sand Book

Exceeding all predictions
As I write you

At last! Just in time for the sand of this summer, we got copies of A Sand Book, Ariana Reines’ latest book of poems (+ a few pictures). The title…

The Baudelaire Fractal

¡ BACK IN STOCK <3 <3 !
“While a man in  a hotel is in a crematorium, or in the negative image of a church ..., a girl in her hotel is free. I want to claim this word free for myself and I intend to use it…

LAZZARI, Lorenzo (ed.)
On Responsibility: The Moving Image Questions Spectatorship

An energizing pocket book gathering texts that deal, from different perspectives, on the exchanges that can occur between spectators and moving images, when moving images are made and conceived with a specific take on…

DE BRUYN, Eric; LÜTTICKEN, Sven (eds.)
Futurity Report. Counter-Histories Vol. 1

Not long ago, a melancholic left and a manic neoliberalism seemed to arrive at an awkward consensus: the foreclosure of futurity. Whereas the former mourned the failure of its utopian project, the latter celebrated the…

MARTÍNEZ, Chuz (ed.)
The Wild Book of Inventions

Can contemporary art’s practitioners change the way we perceive nature? Employing a variety of forms that include speculative essays, poems, pencil sketches, and photo essays, twenty authors challenge the exclusive human…

A Poetics of the Undercommons

Fred Moten first delivered this remarkable lecture at Threewalls in Chicago, prompted by Harold Mendez’s show “but I sound better since you cut my throat.” Sputnik & Fizzle’s annotated and expanded transcription of A Poetics…

PETRESIN-BACHELEZ, Natasa; ZAPPERI, Giovanna (eds.)
Defiant Muses

This publication explores the intersection between the histories of cinema, video and feminism in France—following the exhibitions Muses Insoumises in Lille, and Musas insumisas in Madrid. Focusing…

LEE, Joon Oluchi

Neotenica is a novel of encounters: casual sex, arranged-marriage dates, cops, rowdy teenagers, lawyers, a Sapphic flirtation, a rival, a child, and two important dogs. At the center of it are Young Ae, a Korean-born…


Haunting and compulsively readable, Drifts is an intimate portrait of reading, writing, and creative obsession. At work on a novel that is overdue, spending long days walking neighborhood streets with her restless…

RASHEED, Kameelah Janan
No New Theories

No New Theories builds on Kameelah Janan Rasheed’s accretive and associative installation work, bringing together xerox abstractions, poetic text fragments, and found as well as original photography to explore learning…

A Queer Anthology of Wilderness

featuring Zoe Leonard, Eileen Myles, Jimmy DeSana, Princess Julia, Olivia Laing, Simon Costin, Timothy Thornton, Mary Manning and many more.

DILLON, Martha (ed.)
It's Freezing in LA! Issue 5

Nothing should have flourished here, in this desert, in this country, under this reactionary government – and yet it did, and does. Alexander Harris

As green commentators speculate about the future of…

CARDEW, Cornelius
Stockhausen Serves Imperialism

The American composer and writer John Cage, born 1912, and the German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen, born 1928, have emerged as the leading figures of the bourgeois musical avant-garde. They are ripe for criticism. The…

Hansen, Denise Rose (ed)
Tools for Extinction

Eighteen international writers respond to the open-ended period of social distancing, closures, and illness caused by Covid-19. Compiled during the initial lockdown in Europe, this special collection is a meteoric publishing…

Gazer, mutiler, soumettre. Politique de l’arme non létale

Nuages lacrymogènes, grenades de désencerclement, LBD 40… Des ZADs aux campus, des quartiers populaires aux cortèges syndicaux, manifester en France expose aujourd’hui à la violence des armes non létales. Les forces de…

Norma Jeane Baker of Troy

A meditation on the destabilizing and destructive power of beauty, drawing together Helen of Troy and Marilyn Monroe, twin avatars of female fascination separated by millennia but united in mythopoeic force. Norma Jeane…

DAVEY, Moyra
Index Cards

In these essays, the acclaimed artist, photographer, writer, and filmmaker Moyra Davey often begins with a daily encounter—with a photograph, a memory, or a passage from a book—and links that subject to others, drawing…

JAFA, Arthur
My Black Death

Arthur Jafa is a director, cinematographer, artist and critic who was born in Mississippi in 1960. He was the producer and cinematographer for Daughters of the Dust (1992), the cinematographer for Crooklyn (1994), and…

W. E. B. Du Bois
Of the Dawn of Freedom

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (1868-1963) was among the most influential proponents of civil rights during a presence that covered five decades. A sociologist, historian, novelist and activist, Du Bois was the first…

AYERBE, Júlia (ed.)
Queer City, A Reader

A collection of essays, artistic contributions, and two inserted zines, Queer City, A Reader was developed as part of an 18-month inquiry in São Paulo. Initiated by Lanchonete.org and ArtsEverywhere/Musagetes,…

Figure It Out

“Toward what goal do I aspire, ever, but collision? Always accident, concussion, bodies butting together . . . By collision I also mean metaphor and metonymy: operations of slide and slip and transfuse.”

LAFUENTE, José María
Vanguardia y propaganda - Avant-Garde and Propaganda

This book compiles a selection of publications—photobooks and magazines, along with other related documents—demonstrating the great flowering of typography, photomontage and photobooks in the Soviet Union in the period…

WIEDER, Alex (ed.); GIBSON, Beatrice
Deux Soeurs

From Audre Lorde and Adrienne Rich to Basma Alsharif and Pauline Oliveros, Deux Soeurs brings together a chorus of voices that explore representations of parenthood, friendship, and disobedience. The book acts…

BONNET, François; SANSON, Bartolomé (eds.)
Spectres #02. Resonances / Résonances

“Résonner : re-sonare. Sonner, encore. Implication immédiate d'un dédoublement. Le son et son double : renvoyés, réfléchis par des surfaces, diffractés par des angles. Le son amplifié, revêtant une acoustique…

Atelier E.B.: Passer-by

A common interest in the history of motifs and retail display inspired designer Beca Lipscombe and artist Lucy McKenzie to form the Atelier E.B fashion label. The title of the exhibition, Passer-by, acknowledges…

COPLEY, William N.
Selected writings by William N. Copley

For readers interested in the extraordinary life, work, and artistic milieu of the great American surrealist and proto-pop painter William Nelson Copley (1919–96), this volume will come as a thrilling revelation and a…

Emma DJ
Not Listening


100 cassettes limited edition coming with…

SPEED, Mitch
Mark Leckey. Fiorucci Made Me Hardcore

In 1999, the British artist Mark Leckey released his video-montage Fiorucci made me Hardcore, a dreamscape vignette that communes with the rapturous promises of youth. Putting archive material to use, Leckey entwined…

HOLDER, Will (ed.)
F.R.David (O) Spring 2020. “very good*”

F.R.DAVID is a typographical journal, dealing with the organisation of reading and writing in contemporary art practises. The 19th issue, “very good*” is edited with Paul Abbott. Like music, the issue’s “theme” is better…

Harry Thaler’s pressed chair

A chair is a chair is a chair is a staircase is a book...

Harry Thaler is notoriously a man of very few words so if you want to know about him, this book is a good starting point. This small publication celebrates…

HEUGUET, Guillaume; MENU, Étienne (eds.)
Audimat #13

Audimat propose une écriture sur la musique libérée des contraintes d‘actualité et des formats de la presse périodique. La revue veut rendre compte de la situation actuelle de la pop music, et l‘éclairer par son…

Image Bank 1969 – 1977

Digital—even before this word signified research-based processing, its original meaning referred to "the fingers." The same goes for the artists Michael Morris and Vincent Trasov, whose Image Bank, founded in…

NIELSON, Mariah; Åbäke

This long-awaited monograph presents the breadth of JB Blunk's practice and includes never-before-seen archival and newly commissioned photographs of jewelry, ceramics, paintings, furniture, sculpture and his hand built…

COCKER, Jarvis
Rough Trade Editions #21: Good Pop, Bad Pop

This pamphlet consists of the text of two speeches Jarvis Cocker made in public during 2017. They both concern Br**it—but please don’t let that put you off. [publisher's note]

FIRESTONE, Shulamith
Zones mortes

Pour célébrer cette sortie, les premières 20 copies vendues seront accompagnées d'une sélection de documents imprimés à la librairie, issus…

Femmes animales. Bestiaire métaphorique

Qu’est-ce qui fait d’une femme une colombe ? une pieuvre ou une baleine ? La cougar existe-t-elle ? Fait-il bon vivre avec une chienne ? 

Ce petit livre au ton piquant recense 55 métaphores animalières dont se…

ZIOLKOWSKA, Magdalena (ed.)
Plasticity of the Planet – On Environmental Challenge for Art and Its Institutions

This publication extends an exhibition program that examines the environmental challenges facing the art world and its institutions, drawing on the concept of “destructive plasticity” theorized by philosopher Catherine…